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Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, is a revered figure in India and around the world. He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India. Gandhi is known for his philosophy of non-violence, civil disobedience, and Satyagraha, which he used to fight for India’s independence from British colonial rule.

Gandhi studied law in London and practiced law in South Africa, where he became active in the Indian community’s struggle for civil rights. He developed his political and social philosophy during this time and began to use non-violent methods of resistance against unjust laws and policies.

In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and joined the Indian National Congress, a political party that advocated for Indian independence from British colonial rule. He became the leader of the Congress in 1921 and launched several non-violent campaigns against the British government, including the Salt March in 1930, which involved the mass civil disobedience against the British salt tax.

Throughout his life, Gandhi emphasized the importance of living a simple and ethical life. He promoted the use of khadi, or hand-spun cloth, as a way to support India’s struggling textile industry and to protest against British imports. He also advocated for the use of vegetarianism, as a way to promote compassion and non-violence towards animals.

Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and civil disobedience inspired many civil rights and social justice movements around the world, including the American civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King Jr. and the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa led by Nelson Mandela.

Despite his peaceful and non-violent methods, Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, by a Hindu nationalist who disagreed with his policies towards the country’s Muslim population.

Gandhi’s legacy continues to inspire millions of people around the world to fight for justice, equality, and freedom using non-violent means. His principles of non-violence, civil disobedience, and Satyagraha are still relevant today, and his life serves as an example of how one person’s commitment to a cause can change the world.

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